What Does Centralization In Government Mean?
British, French, Spanish, and Dutch colonists spread their influence and authority throughout the New World, dismantling and sometimes eradicating entire cultures and peoples in the process. One of the most familiar cases is the thirteen colonies, established after North America’s colonization by Britain beginning in 1587 and later founded as the United States of America. Iran is perhaps the most important and powerful theocratic state in the world today. Among them is a “supreme leader” who serves as head of state, delegates authority to other religious leaders, and presides over the elected president. The Sharia — the Islamic faith’s primary legal doctrine — dictates the country’s legal, judiciary, and administrative codes.
The more one has, the more access one has, the more one can influence decisions of those 3rd party trust arbiters to one’s own or a group’s benefit. Milton Friedman, an American economist, noted that command economies must limit individual freedom to operate. He also believed that economic decisions in a command economy would be made based on the political self-interest of government officials and not promote economic growth. There were many dynasties competing to gain power, and when, one of the regional dynasties gained the upper hand, a ruler from that particular dynasty was chosen to govern the country. These rulers created a government enforcing ruthless laws, constructed massive armies for barbaric invasions and developed a strong labor force for dynastic development.
Sharing power between the Federal Government and state governments allows for a nice balance between what the Federal and state governments can manage. Could you imagine having 50 different types of coins, each with a different value? By setting up a national policy, the system is fair to everyone, and the states do not have to bear the heavy burden of regulating their currency . Part of the discussion at the Constitutional Convention focused on basic governmental structures. The Declaration of Independence rejected the experience of unitary government under a king. The Articles of Confederation promoted a confederation of the states (decentralized power with a weak central government–committee style).
The decentralization law of 1986 and the constitutional reform law of 1991assigned to different levels of government new functions in matters relating to consultation and decision-making, implementation, control and financing. Faced with forceful Anti-Federalist opposition to a strong national government, the Federalists published a series of 85 articles in New York City newspapers in which they advocated ratification of the Constitution. A compilation of these articles written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay , were published as The Federalist in 1788. Colonialism is a form of government in which a nation extends its sovereignty over other territories. In other words, it involves the expansion of a nation’s rule beyond its borders. Colonialism often leads to ruling over indigenous populations and exploiting resources.
Legislative power is vested in the House of Representatives and the Senate . Since independence the two major political parties have been the Conservative Party, which is now the Social Conservative Party of Colombia , which favors a strong central government, and the Liberal Party, which is federalist in outlook. The former guerrillas of the Movement of 19 April (M-19) have also won recognition on the political scene.
Yet, the center’s power, given the country’s remote provinces and poor infrastructure and institutions, has also been insufficient to control the country. Decentralization of current presidential powers should not be about breaking the country apart or causing partition. Putting too much power in one person’s hands can lead to injustices and inequalities in even the most stable nations. Decentralization, on the other hand, could produce more support for the national government and greater trust in provincial and local systems, allowing the Afghan people to take control of their own political destiny. The process of decentralization in Colombia, more than in other countries, was geared toward rural development. In 1987 the municipalities were assigned responsibility for essential public services, and as far as the agricultural sector is concerned, it was decided that the municipalities should provided direct technical assistance to small producers.